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Category Archives: Kajian Merek (Brand Studies)

Governmental Branding as Strategy to Build Public’s Trust, Loyalty, and Participation

by B. S. Wijaya


Increasing public expectations of the current government’s performance make government institutions are required to improve themselves. Like a brand, the government needs a unique, structured, and integrated strategy to be more focused and on target. However, the main problems in communicating government-related values ​​to the public are trust, loyalty, and participation. This is usually due to the perception, reputation, and credibility constraints of the parties involved in government affairs. This article proposes how governmental branding can be systematically built to form a good perception of government and its attributes so as to help in communicating governmental values ​​well and reduce constraints and negative effects. There are various dimensions and aspects related to governmental branding, namely 1) Behavioral Dimensions (ranging from public awareness to loyalty), 2) Managerial Dimensions (ranging from governance to efficiency), 3) Physical Dimensions (ranging from distinctive identity signifiers to resources and the environment), 4) Relational Dimensions (ranging from public relations to the private sector), 5) Sociocultural Dimensions (ranging from philanthropic efforts to community development), 6) Representational Dimensions (ranging from communication to constructive narrative), 7) Financial Dimensions (ranging from investment perception to debt), and 8) Political Dimensions (ranging from policy products to political trust).


Ekspektasi publik yang semakin meningkat terhadap kinerja pemerintah saat ini membuat lembaga-lembaga pemerintahan dituntut untuk berbenah diri. Layaknya sebuah merek, pemerintahan pun membutuhkan strategi yang unik, terstruktur, dan terpadu agar lebih fokus dan tepat sasaran. Namun, problem utama dalam mengomunikasikan nilai-nilai terkait pemerintahan kepada publik adalah kepercayaan, loyalitas, dan partisipasi. Hal ini biasanya dikarenakan adanya kendala persepsi, reputasi, dan kredibilitas dari pihak-pihak yang terlibat dalam urusan pemerintahan tersebut. Artikel ini mengusulkan bagaimana governmental branding dapat dibangun secara sistematis untuk membentuk persepsi yang baik terkait pemerintahan dan atribut-atributnya sehingga membantu dalam mengomunikasikan nilai-nilai governmental dengan baik dan mereduksi kendala-kendala dan efek negatif. Ada berbagai dimensi dan aspek terkait governmental branding, yakni 1) Dimensi Perilaku (mulai dari kesadaran publik hingga loyalitas), 2) Dimensi Manajerial (mulai dari  governance hingga efisiensi), 3) Dimensi Fisikal (mulai dari penanda identitas distingtif hingga sumberdaya dan lingkungan), 4) Dimensi Relasional (mulai dari relasi-relasi publik hingga sektor swasta), 5) Dimensi Sosiokultural (mulai dari upaya-upaya filantrofis hingga pengembangan masyarakat), 6) Dimensi Representasional (mulai dari komunikasi hingga narasi konstruktif), 7) Dimensi Finansial (mulai dari persepsi investasi hingga utang), dan 8) Dimensi Politis (mulai dari produk-produk kebijakan hingga amanah politik).

Read more: Governmental Branding

How to Cite: Wijaya, B. S. (2018). Governmental Branding as Strategy to Build Public’s Trust, Loyalty, and Participation. Journal Communication Spectrum: Capturing New Perspectives in Communication, 8(2), 232-255.

Making Personal Branding Works: The Role of Positive Communication

by Muhammad Taufiq Amir & B. S. Wijaya


Research objective: Positive communication characterizes a positive image of the person and creating positive dynamics in the organization. Similar positive intentionality and image also become the purpose of a personal branding strategy to create the target audience’s perceptions. While these two concepts seem interrelated, there is no study link positive communication with personal branding management. This study examines how positive communication can help an individual achieve personal branding goals, such as reputation and authenticity. Two elements of positive communication, integrative communication and constructive interaction are explored and analyzed for their potential role in the outcome of personal branding.

Method: This study uses a literature study approach in the field of positive organizational scholarship and personal branding in organizations.

Key Findings: Six sub-elements of positive communication: inclusiveness, respectfulness, supportiveness, and solution-focused, future-oriented and collaborative seems potentially help in strengthening the effect of a good impression, increasing the trust in reputation and authenticity that the audience expected to perceive. However, the results can backfire if the communicator slips into strategies with low authenticity; or artificial or exaggerated messages.

Conclusions: Positive communication can be used to make the process and results of personal branding more optimal. Communicators can use various communication modes, yet they need to be cautious about the negative implications of the false strategy.

Read more: Making Personal Branding Works

How to Cite: Amir, M. T. & Wijaya, B. S. (2021). Making Personal Branding Works: The Role of Positive Communication. European Proceedings of Social and Behavioral Sciences 117.

Consuming Midnights: Indonesian Youths’ Stay-Up-Late Lifestyle in Branded Places

B. S. Wijaya



This article inquires into the meanings associated with urban youths’ stay-up-late lifestyle in 24-hour branded cafés and convenience stores. These branded places are spreading now, in both big and small cities of Indonesia. Providing free Internet access and cozy sitting spots, they are a magnet for youths, who crowd up there with their “work gadgets,” such as laptops and smartphones or sometimes just chat with friends through the night, consuming snacks and beverages. Using a qualitative approach, we observed and interviewed some informants and found that the stay-up-late lifestyle for urban youth is a form of insomniac expression for worldly pleasure and the desire to succeed, intertwined with a workaholic identity construction. These personal discourses are inseparable from the media and social discourse that develops within the community.

Read more: Consuming Midnights

Cite this article (7th APA style): Wijaya, B. S. (2021). Consuming Midnights: Indonesian Youths’ Stay-Up-Late Lifestyle in Branded Places. International Journal of Interdisciplinary Cultural Studies, 17(1), 17-30.

Why Do Educational People Commit Corruption in Communicating Their Personal Brands?

B. S. Wijaya, Muhammad Taufiq Amir, & Jurica Lucyanda


Amid the increasingly fierce competition, personal branding has become necessary for modern workers today, including professionals in education. This article explores why people in the educational milieu, especially higher education, commit corruption in communicating their brands. We conducted interviews and one-on-one discussions with ten people who work as instructors, researchers, and structural officials in educational institutions. We identified three main reasons motivating them to commit corruption in personal brand communication: financial reasons, managerial reasons, and communicative reasons. Financial reasons refer to economic goals in improving self and family well-being and meeting daily and long-term needs. On the other side, managerial motives refer to organizational performance goals that impact personal career advancement. Meanwhile, communicative intentions apply to imaging related to the need for identity and social recognition. This research can reference decision-makers to assess performance and determine what rewards or punishments are suitable for individuals in their organizations.

Read more: Why Do Educational People Commit Corruption in Communicating Their Personal Brands?

Cite this article: Wijaya, B. S., Amir, M. T., & Lucyanda, J. (2021). Why Do Educational People Commit Corruption in Communicating Their Personal Brands? Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research, 532, 85-90.


B. S. Wijaya, Muchsin Saggaff Shihab, Sheila Ayu Wijaya, Dudi Rudianto, & Annie Sugandi


Purpose of the study: This study aims at analyzing the role of shelf-space and display in stimulating impulse buying. Further, this study also covers the comparison between all shelf positions (regular-shelf, Chiller, and wings-rack) to get insights deeper into which one is the most effective in stimulating impulse buying.

Methodology: By highlighting the case of a beverage brand in a hypermarket in Indonesia, the recent study uncovers the experiences and perceptions of 200 participants through an explanatory survey. The primary data collection has been done by distributing survey questionnaires to 200 target respondents located in Jakarta. The data collected have been analysed using SPSS software.

Main Findings: Both shelf-space and display factors are found to have a positive and significant effect on impulse buying, where the former is found dominant. Various constructs in shelf-space such as the spaciousness-of-shelf, highness-of-traffic, largeness-of-shelf, easiness in finding the shelf, and in-store display communications such as the attractiveness-of-color, cleanness-of-display, neatness-of-display arrangement, the blocking-space, and the attractiveness-of-product arrangement emerge validly. Of the three objects studied, the chiller had the highest effectiveness compared to the regular-shelf and wings-rack in arousing the impulsivity of consumer purchases. This fact shows that the appearance of cold drinks seems to have a significant effect on consumers in causing impulse buying, especially for consumers in tropical countries like Indonesia. The seller or brand owner should consider this finding.

Applications of this study: This study confirms the real, meaningful, and experiential visual power of in-store brand communications. So the brand can explore creatively and ergonomically as well as maximizing the potentials of visual communication, especially shelf-space and display in sales spaces as silent sellers.

Novelty/Originality of this study: Few studies still pay attention to the role of in-store brand communications in encouraging impulse buying, especially in an era where the virtual shopping world is increasingly distracting researchers and marketers from the spark of communication events in the actual shopping space. This article proves how the attractiveness of in-store brand communications through shelf-space and in-store displays has a significant impact on impulse buying.

Read more: In-Store Brand Communication

Cite this article: Wijaya, B. S., Shihab, M. S., Wijaya, S. A., Rudianto, D., & Sugandi, A. (2020). In-Store Brand Communication: When Shelf-Space and Display Seduce Consumers. Humanities and Social Science Reviews, 8(4), 984-998.

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